American Primary Care

Overweight and Obesity Health Consequences

  • dedar_dev
  • January 14, 2016

Overweight and obese individuals (BMI of 25 and above) are at increased risk for physical ailments such as:

• High blood pressure, hypertension

• High blood cholesterol, dyslipidemia

• Type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes

• Insulin resistance, glucose intolerance

• Hyperinsulinemia

• Coronary heart disease

• Angina pectoris

• Congestive heart failure

• Stroke

• Gallstones

• Cholescystitis and cholelithiasis

• Gout

• Osteoarthritis

• Obstructive sleep apnea and respiratory problems

• Some types of cancer (such as endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon)

• Complications of pregnancy such as; gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension and preeclampsia as well as complications in operative delivery (i.e., C-sections).

• Poor female reproductive health (such as menstrual irregularities, infertility, irregular ovulation)

• Bladder control problems (such as stress incontinence)

• Uric acid nephrolithiasis

• Psychological disorders (such as depression, eating disorders, distorted body image, and low self-esteem).

Just in recent years, the prevalence of obesity (BMI greater than or equal to 30) was 20.9% and the prevalence of diabetes was 7.9%, an increase of 5.6% for obesity and 8.2% for diabetes in one year.

Overweight and obesity were found to be significantly associated with:

• Diabetes

• High blood pressure

• High cholesterol

• Asthma

• Arthritis

• Poor health status

Compared to adults with normal weight, adults with BMI greater than 40 were found more likely to be diagnosed for diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, asthma, arthritis, and fair or poor health.

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